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path: root/src/benchmark/taler-aggregator-benchmark.c
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/*
  This file is part of TALER
  (C) 2021 Taler Systems SA

  TALER is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
  under the terms of the GNU Affero General Public License as
  published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 3, or
  (at your option) any later version.

  TALER is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
  WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
  MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
  General Public License for more details.

  You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
  along with TALER; see the file COPYING.  If not,
  see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>
*/
/**
 * @file benchmark/taler-aggregator-benchmark.c
 * @brief Setup exchange database suitable for aggregator benchmarking
 * @author Christian Grothoff
 */
#include "platform.h"
#include <jansson.h>
#include <gnunet/gnunet_util_lib.h>
#include <gnunet/gnunet_json_lib.h>
#include "taler_util.h"
#include "taler_signatures.h"
#include "taler_exchangedb_lib.h"
#include "taler_error_codes.h"


/**
 * Exit code.
 */
static int global_ret;

/**
 * How many deposits we want to create per merchant.
 */
static unsigned int howmany_deposits = 1;

/**
 * How many merchants do we want to setup.
 */
static unsigned int howmany_merchants = 1;

/**
 * Probability of a refund, as in $NUMBER:100.
 * Use 0 for no refunds.
 */
static unsigned int refund_rate = 0;

/**
 * Currency used.
 */
static char *currency;

/**
 * Merchant JSON wire details.
 */
static json_t *json_wire;

/**
 * Configuration.
 */
static const struct GNUNET_CONFIGURATION_Handle *cfg;

/**
 * Database plugin.
 */
static struct TALER_EXCHANGEDB_Plugin *plugin;

/**
 * Main task doing the work().
 */
static struct GNUNET_SCHEDULER_Task *task;

/**
 * Hash of the denomination.
 */
static struct GNUNET_HashCode h_denom_pub;

/**
 * "signature" to use for the coin(s).
 */
static struct TALER_DenominationSignature denom_sig;

/**
 * Time range when deposits start.
 */
static struct GNUNET_TIME_Absolute start;

/**
 * Time range when deposits end.
 */
static struct GNUNET_TIME_Absolute end;


/**
 * Throw a weighted coin with @a probability.
 *
 * @return #GNUNET_OK with @a probability,
 *         #GNUNET_NO with 1 - @a probability
 */
static unsigned int
eval_probability (float probability)
{
  uint64_t random;
  float random_01;

  random = GNUNET_CRYPTO_random_u64 (GNUNET_CRYPTO_QUALITY_WEAK,
                                     UINT64_MAX);
  random_01 = (double) random / (double) UINT64_MAX;
  return (random_01 <= probability) ? GNUNET_OK : GNUNET_NO;
}


/**
 * Randomize data at pointer @a x
 *
 * @param x pointer to data to randomize
 */
#define RANDOMIZE(x) \
  GNUNET_CRYPTO_random_block (GNUNET_CRYPTO_QUALITY_NONCE, x, sizeof (*x))


/**
 * Initialize @a out with an amount given by @a val and
 * @a frac using the main "currency".
 *
 * @param val value to set
 * @param frac fraction to set
 * @param[out] out where to write the amount
 */
static void
make_amount (unsigned int val,
             unsigned int frac,
             struct TALER_Amount *out)
{
  memset (out,
          0,
          sizeof (struct TALER_Amount));
  out->value = val;
  out->fraction = frac;
  strcpy (out->currency,
          currency);
}


/**
 * Initialize @a out with an amount given by @a val and
 * @a frac using the main "currency".
 *
 * @param val value to set
 * @param frac fraction to set
 * @param[out] out where to write the amount
 */
static void
make_amountN (unsigned int val,
              unsigned int frac,
              struct TALER_AmountNBO *out)
{
  struct TALER_Amount in;

  make_amount (val,
               frac,
               &in);
  TALER_amount_hton (out,
                     &in);
}


/**
 * Create random-ish timestamp.
 *
 * @return time stamp between start and end
 */
static struct GNUNET_TIME_Absolute
random_time (void)
{
  uint64_t delta;
  struct GNUNET_TIME_Absolute ret;

  delta = end.abs_value_us - start.abs_value_us;
  delta = GNUNET_CRYPTO_random_u64 (GNUNET_CRYPTO_QUALITY_NONCE,
                                    delta);
  ret.abs_value_us = start.abs_value_us + delta;
  (void) GNUNET_TIME_round_abs (&ret);
  return ret;
}


/**
 * Function run on shutdown.
 *
 * @param cls unused
 */
static void
do_shutdown (void *cls)
{
  (void) cls;
  if (NULL != plugin)
  {
    TALER_EXCHANGEDB_plugin_unload (plugin);
    plugin = NULL;
  }
  if (NULL != task)
  {
    GNUNET_SCHEDULER_cancel (task);
    task = NULL;
  }
  if (NULL !=denom_sig.rsa_signature)
  {
    GNUNET_CRYPTO_rsa_signature_free (denom_sig.rsa_signature);
    denom_sig.rsa_signature = NULL;
  }
  if (NULL != json_wire)
  {
    json_decref (json_wire);
    json_wire = NULL;
  }
}


struct Merchant
{

  /**
   * Public key of the merchant.  Enables later identification
   * of the merchant in case of a need to rollback transactions.
   */
  struct TALER_MerchantPublicKeyP merchant_pub;

  /**
   * Hash of the (canonical) representation of @e wire, used
   * to check the signature on the request.  Generated by
   * the exchange from the detailed wire data provided by the
   * merchant.
   */
  struct GNUNET_HashCode h_wire;

};

struct Deposit
{

  /**
   * Information about the coin that is being deposited.
   */
  struct TALER_CoinPublicInfo coin;

  /**
   * Hash over the proposal data between merchant and customer
   * (remains unknown to the Exchange).
   */
  struct GNUNET_HashCode h_contract_terms;

};


/**
 * Add a refund from @a m for @a d.
 *
 * @param m merchant granting the refund
 * @param d deposit being refunded
 * @return true on success
 */
static bool
add_refund (const struct Merchant *m,
            const struct Deposit *d)
{
  struct TALER_EXCHANGEDB_Refund r;

  r.coin = d->coin;
  r.details.merchant_pub = m->merchant_pub;
  RANDOMIZE (&r.details.merchant_sig);
  r.details.h_contract_terms = d->h_contract_terms;
  r.details.rtransaction_id = 42;
  make_amount (0, 9999, &r.details.refund_amount);
  make_amount (0, 5, &r.details.refund_fee);
  if (0 <=
      plugin->insert_refund (plugin->cls,
                             &r))
  {
    GNUNET_break (0);
    global_ret = EXIT_FAILURE;
    GNUNET_SCHEDULER_shutdown ();
    return false;
  }
  return true;
}


/**
 * Add a (random-ish) deposit for merchant @a m.
 *
 * @param m merchant to receive the deposit
 * @return true on success
 */
static bool
add_deposit (const struct Merchant *m)
{
  struct Deposit d;
  struct TALER_EXCHANGEDB_Deposit deposit;

  RANDOMIZE (&d.coin.coin_pub);
  d.coin.denom_pub_hash = h_denom_pub;
  d.coin.denom_sig = denom_sig;
  RANDOMIZE (&d.h_contract_terms);

  if (0 >=
      plugin->ensure_coin_known (plugin->cls,
                                 &d.coin))
  {
    GNUNET_break (0);
    global_ret = EXIT_FAILURE;
    GNUNET_SCHEDULER_shutdown ();
    return false;
  }
  deposit.coin = d.coin;
  RANDOMIZE (&deposit.csig);
  deposit.merchant_pub = m->merchant_pub;
  deposit.h_contract_terms = d.h_contract_terms;
  deposit.h_wire = m->h_wire;
  deposit.receiver_wire_account
    = json_wire;
  deposit.timestamp = random_time ();
  deposit.refund_deadline = random_time ();
  deposit.wire_deadline = random_time ();
  make_amount (0, 99999, &deposit.amount_with_fee);
  make_amount (0, 5, &deposit.deposit_fee);
  if (0 >=
      plugin->insert_deposit (plugin->cls,
                              random_time (),
                              &deposit))
  {
    GNUNET_break (0);
    global_ret = EXIT_FAILURE;
    GNUNET_SCHEDULER_shutdown ();
    return false;
  }
  if (GNUNET_YES ==
      eval_probability (((float) refund_rate) / 100.0))
    return add_refund (m,
                       &d);
  return true;
}


/**
 * Function to do the work.
 *
 * @param cls unused
 */
static void
work (void *cls)
{
  struct Merchant m;

  (void) cls;
  task = NULL;
  RANDOMIZE (&m);
  if (GNUNET_OK !=
      plugin->start (plugin->cls,
                     "aggregator-benchmark-fill"))
  {
    GNUNET_break (0);
    global_ret = EXIT_FAILURE;
    GNUNET_SCHEDULER_shutdown ();
    return;
  }
  for (unsigned int i = 0; i<howmany_deposits; i++)
  {
    if (! add_deposit (&m))
    {
      global_ret = EXIT_FAILURE;
      GNUNET_SCHEDULER_shutdown ();
      return;
    }
  }
  if (0 <=
      plugin->commit (plugin->cls))
  {
    if (0 == --howmany_merchants)
    {
      GNUNET_SCHEDULER_shutdown ();
      return;
    }
  }
  else
  {
    GNUNET_log (GNUNET_ERROR_TYPE_WARNING,
                "Failed to commit, will try again\n");
  }
  task = GNUNET_SCHEDULER_add_now (&work,
                                   NULL);
}


/**
 * Actual execution.
 *
 * @param cls unused
 * @param args remaining command-line arguments
 * @param cfgfile name of the configuration file used (for saving, can be NULL!)
 * @param cfg configuration
 */
static void
run (void *cls,
     char *const *args,
     const char *cfgfile,
     const struct GNUNET_CONFIGURATION_Handle *c)
{
  struct TALER_EXCHANGEDB_DenominationKeyInformationP issue;

  (void) cls;
  /* make sure everything 'ends' before the current time,
     so that the aggregator will process everything without
     need for time-travel */
  end = GNUNET_TIME_absolute_get ();
  (void) GNUNET_TIME_round_abs (&end);
  start = GNUNET_TIME_absolute_subtract (end,
                                         GNUNET_TIME_UNIT_MONTHS);
  (void) GNUNET_TIME_round_abs (&start);
  cfg = c;
  if (GNUNET_OK !=
      TALER_config_get_currency (cfg,
                                 &currency))
  {
    global_ret = EXIT_NOTCONFIGURED;
    return;
  }
  plugin = TALER_EXCHANGEDB_plugin_load (cfg);
  if (NULL == plugin)
  {
    global_ret = EXIT_NOTCONFIGURED;
    return;
  }
  if (GNUNET_SYSERR ==
      plugin->preflight (plugin->cls))
  {
    global_ret = EXIT_FAILURE;
    TALER_EXCHANGEDB_plugin_unload (plugin);
    return;
  }
  GNUNET_SCHEDULER_add_shutdown (&do_shutdown,
                                 NULL);
  RANDOMIZE (&issue.signature);
  issue.properties.purpose.purpose = htonl (
    TALER_SIGNATURE_MASTER_DENOMINATION_KEY_VALIDITY);
  issue.properties.purpose.size = htonl (sizeof (issue.properties));
  RANDOMIZE (&issue.properties.master);
  issue.properties.start
    = GNUNET_TIME_absolute_hton (start);
  issue.properties.expire_withdraw
    = GNUNET_TIME_absolute_hton (
        GNUNET_TIME_absolute_add (start,
                                  GNUNET_TIME_UNIT_DAYS));
  issue.properties.expire_deposit
    = GNUNET_TIME_absolute_hton (end);
  issue.properties.expire_legal
    = GNUNET_TIME_absolute_hton (
        GNUNET_TIME_absolute_add (end,
                                  GNUNET_TIME_UNIT_YEARS));
  {
    struct GNUNET_CRYPTO_RsaPrivateKey *pk;
    struct GNUNET_CRYPTO_RsaPublicKey *pub;
    struct GNUNET_HashCode hc;
    struct TALER_DenominationPublicKey denom_pub;

    RANDOMIZE (&hc);
    pk = GNUNET_CRYPTO_rsa_private_key_create (1024);
    pub = GNUNET_CRYPTO_rsa_private_key_get_public (pk);
    denom_pub.rsa_public_key = pub;
    GNUNET_CRYPTO_rsa_public_key_hash (pub,
                                       &h_denom_pub);
    make_amountN (1, 0, &issue.properties.value);
    make_amountN (0, 5, &issue.properties.fee_withdraw);
    make_amountN (0, 5, &issue.properties.fee_deposit);
    make_amountN (0, 5, &issue.properties.fee_refresh);
    make_amountN (0, 5, &issue.properties.fee_refund);
    issue.properties.denom_hash = h_denom_pub;
    if (0 >=
        plugin->insert_denomination_info (plugin->cls,
                                          &denom_pub,
                                          &issue))
    {
      GNUNET_break (0);
      GNUNET_SCHEDULER_shutdown ();
      global_ret = EXIT_FAILURE;
      return;
    }

    denom_sig.rsa_signature
      = GNUNET_CRYPTO_rsa_sign_fdh (pk,
                                    &hc);
    GNUNET_CRYPTO_rsa_public_key_free (pub);
    GNUNET_CRYPTO_rsa_private_key_free (pk);
  }

  {
    struct TALER_Amount wire_fee;
    struct TALER_MasterSignatureP master_sig;
    unsigned int year;
    struct GNUNET_TIME_Absolute ws;
    struct GNUNET_TIME_Absolute we;

    year = GNUNET_TIME_get_current_year ();
    for (unsigned int y = year - 1; y<year + 2; y++)
    {
      ws = GNUNET_TIME_year_to_time (y - 1);
      we = GNUNET_TIME_year_to_time (y);
      make_amount (0, 5, &wire_fee);
      memset (&master_sig,
              0,
              sizeof (master_sig));
      if (0 >
          plugin->insert_wire_fee (plugin->cls,
                                   "aggregator-benchmark",
                                   ws,
                                   we,
                                   &wire_fee,
                                   &wire_fee,
                                   &master_sig))
      {
        GNUNET_break (0);
        GNUNET_SCHEDULER_shutdown ();
        global_ret = EXIT_FAILURE;
        return;
      }
    }
  }

  json_wire = GNUNET_JSON_PACK (
    GNUNET_JSON_pack_string ("payto_uri",
                             "payto://aggregator-benchmark/accountfoo"),
    GNUNET_JSON_pack_string ("salt",
                             "thesalty"));
  task = GNUNET_SCHEDULER_add_now (&work,
                                   NULL);
}


/**
 * The main function of the taler-aggregator-benchmark tool.
 *
 * @param argc number of arguments from the command line
 * @param argv command line arguments
 * @return 0 ok, non-zero on failure
 */
int
main (int argc,
      char *const *argv)
{
  struct GNUNET_GETOPT_CommandLineOption options[] = {
    GNUNET_GETOPT_option_uint ('d',
                               "deposits",
                               "DN",
                               "How many deposits we should instantiate per merchant",
                               &howmany_deposits),
    GNUNET_GETOPT_option_uint ('m',
                               "merchants",
                               "DM",
                               "How many merchants should we create",
                               &howmany_merchants),
    GNUNET_GETOPT_option_uint ('r',
                               "refunds",
                               "RATE",
                               "Probability of refund per deposit (0-100)",
                               &refund_rate),
    GNUNET_GETOPT_OPTION_END
  };
  enum GNUNET_GenericReturnValue result;

  unsetenv ("XDG_DATA_HOME");
  unsetenv ("XDG_CONFIG_HOME");
  if (0 >=
      (result = GNUNET_PROGRAM_run (argc,
                                    argv,
                                    "taler-aggregator-benchmark",
                                    "generate database to benchmark the aggregator",
                                    options,
                                    &run,
                                    NULL)))
  {
    if (GNUNET_NO == result)
      return EXIT_SUCCESS;
    return EXIT_INVALIDARGUMENT;
  }
  return global_ret;
}