summaryrefslogtreecommitdiff
path: root/api-common.rst
diff options
context:
space:
mode:
Diffstat (limited to 'api-common.rst')
-rw-r--r--api-common.rst394
1 files changed, 394 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/api-common.rst b/api-common.rst
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..3ab82f0
--- /dev/null
+++ b/api-common.rst
@@ -0,0 +1,394 @@
+=================================
+Common Taler HTTP API Conventions
+=================================
+
+.. _encodings-ref:
+
+----------------
+Common encodings
+----------------
+
+This section describes how certain types of values are represented throughout the API.
+
+
+
+ .. _Base32:
+
+ * **Binary data**:
+ Binary data is generally encoded using Crockford's variant of Base32 (http://www.crockford.com/wrmg/base32.html), except that "U" is not excluded but also decodes to "V" to make OCR easy. We will still simply use the JSON type "base32" and the term "Crockford Base32" in the text to refer to the resulting encoding.
+
+ * **Large numbers**: Large numbers such as RSA blinding factors and 256 bit keys, are transmitted as other binary data in Crockford Base32 encoding.
+
+ .. _Timestamp:
+
+ * **Timestamps**:
+ Timestamps are represented in JSON as a string literal `"\\/Date(x)\\/"`, where `x` is the decimal representation of the number of seconds past the Unix Epoch (January 1, 1970). The escaped slash (`\\/`) is interpreted in JSON simply as a normal slash, but distinguishes the timestamp from a normal string literal. We use the type "date" in the documentation below. Additionally, the special strings "\\/never\\/" and "\\/forever\\/" are recognized to represent the end of time.
+
+ .. _public\ key:
+
+ * **Public key**: EdDSA and ECDHE public keys are always points on Curve25519 and represented using the standard 256 bits Ed25519 compact format, converted to Crockford Base32_.
+
+ .. _Signature:
+
+ * **Signatures**: The specific signature scheme in use, like RSA blind signatures or EdDSA, depends on the context. RSA blind signatures are only used for coins and always simply base32_ encoded.
+
+EdDSA signatures are transmitted as 64-byte base32_ binary-encoded objects with just the R and S values (base32_ binary-only).
+These signed objects always contain a purpose number unique to the context in which the signature is used, but frequently the actual binary-object must be reconstructed locally from information available only in context, such as recent messages or account detals.
+These objects are described in detail in :ref:`Signatures`.
+
+ .. _Amount:
+
+ * **Amounts**: Amounts of currency are expressed as a JSON object with the following fields:
+
+ .. _`tsref-type-Amount`:
+
+ .. code-block: tsref
+
+ interface Amount {
+ // name of the currency using either a three-character ISO 4217 currency
+ // code, or a regional currency identifier starting with a "*" followed by
+ // at most 10 characters. ISO 4217 exponents in the name are not supported,
+ // although the "fraction" is corresponds to an ISO 4217 exponent of 6.
+ currency: string;
+
+ // unsigned 32 bit value in the currency, note that "1" here would
+ // correspond to 1 EUR or 1 USD, depending on `currency`, not 1 cent.
+ value: number;
+
+ // unsigned 32 bit fractional value to be added to `value` representing
+ // an additional currency fraction, in units of one millionth (10e-6)
+ // of the base currency value. For example, a fraction
+ // of 500,000 would correspond to 50 cents.
+ fraction: number;
+ }
+
+ * `currency`: name of the currency using either a three-character ISO 4217 currency code, or a regional currency identifier starting with a "*" followed by at most 10 characters. ISO 4217 exponents in the name are not supported, although the "fraction" is corresponds to an ISO 4217 exponent of 6.
+ * `value`: unsigned 32 bit value in the currency, note that "1" here would correspond to 1 EUR or 1 USD, depending on `currency`, not 1 cent.
+ * `fraction`: unsigned 32 bit fractional value to be added to `value` representing an additional currency fraction, in units of one millionth (10\ :superscript:`-6`) of the base currency value. For example, a fraction of 500,000 would correspond to 50 cents.
+
+
+--------------
+General errors
+--------------
+
+Certain response formats are common for all requests. They are documented here instead of with each individual request. Furthermore, we note that clients may theoretically fail to receive any response. In this case, the client should verify that the Internet connection is working properly, and then proceed to handle the error as if an internal error (500) had been returned.
+
+.. http:any:: /*
+
+ **Error Response: Internal error**
+
+ When encountering an internal error, the mint may respond to any request with an internal server error.
+
+ :status 500 Internal server error: This always indicates some serious internal operational error of the mint, such as a program bug, database problems, etc., and must not be used for client-side problems. When facing an internal server error, clients should retry their request after some delay. We recommended initially trying after 1s, twice more at randomized times within 1 minute, then the user should be informed and another three retries should be scheduled within the next 24h. If the error persists, a report should ultimately be made to the auditor, although the auditor API for this is not yet specified. However, as internal server errors are always reported to the mint operator, a good operator should naturally be able to address them in a timely fashion, especially within 24h. When generating an internal server error, the mint responds with a JSON object containing the following fields:
+
+ :resheader Content-Type: application/json
+ :>json error: a string with the value "internal error"
+ :>json hint: a string with problem-specific human-readable diagnostic text and typically useful for the mint operator
+
+
+ **Error Response: Bad Request**
+
+ When the client issues a malformed request with missing parameters or where the parameters fail to comply with the specification, the mint generates this type of response. The error should be shown to the user, while the other details are mostly intended as optional diagnostics for developers.
+
+ :status 400 Bad Request: One of the arguments to the request is missing or malformed.
+ :resheader Content-Type: application/json
+
+ .. code-block:: ts
+ :caption: Response Object Description
+
+ // Description of the error, i.e. "missing parameter", "commitment violation", ...
+ // The other arguments are specific to the error value reported here.
+ error: string;
+
+ // Name of the parameter that was bogus (if applicable)
+ parameter?: string;
+
+ // Path to the argument that was bogus (if applicable)
+ path?: string;
+
+ // Offset of the argument that was bogus (if applicable)
+ offset?: string;
+
+ // Index of the argument that was bogus (if applicable)
+ index?: string;
+
+ // Name of the object that was bogus (if applicable)
+ object?: string;
+
+ // Name of the currency thant was problematic (if applicable)
+ currency?: string;
+
+ // Expected type (if applicable).
+ type_expected?: string;
+
+ // Type that was provided instead (if applicable).
+ type_actual?: string;
+
+
+
+--------------
+Binary Formats
+--------------
+
+ .. note::
+
+ This section largely corresponds to the definitions in taler_signatures.h. You may also want to refer to this code, as it offers additional details on each of the members of the structs.
+
+ .. note::
+
+ Due to the way of handling `big` numbers by some platforms (such as `JavaScript`, for example), wherever the following specification mentions a 64-bit value, the actual implementations
+ are strongly advised to rely on arithmetic up to 53 bits.
+
+This section specifies the binary representation of messages used in Taler's protocols. The message formats are given in a C-style pseudocode notation. Padding is always specified explicitly, and numeric values are in network byte order (big endian).
+
+Amounts
+^^^^^^^
+
+Amounts of currency are always expressed in terms of a base value, a fractional value and the denomination of the currency:
+
+.. sourcecode:: c
+
+ struct TALER_AmountNBO {
+ uint64_t value;
+ uint32_t fraction;
+ uint8_t currency_code[12];
+ };
+
+
+Time
+^^^^
+
+In signed messages, time is represented using 64-bit big-endian values, denoting microseconds since the UNIX Epoch. `UINT64_MAX` represents "never" (distant future, eternity).
+
+.. sourcecode:: c
+
+ struct GNUNET_TIME_AbsoluteNBO {
+ uint64_t timestamp_us;
+ };
+
+Cryptographic primitives
+^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
+
+All elliptic curve operations are on Curve25519. Public and private keys are thus 32 bytes, and signatures 64 bytes. For hashing, including HKDFs, Taler uses 512-bit hash codes (64 bytes).
+
+.. sourcecode:: c
+
+ struct GNUNET_HashCode {
+ uint8_t hash[64];
+ };
+
+ struct TALER_ReservePublicKeyP {
+ uint8_t eddsa_pub[32];
+ };
+
+ struct TALER_ReservePrivateKeyP {
+ uint8_t eddsa_priv[32];
+ };
+
+ struct TALER_ReserveSignatureP {
+ uint8_t eddsa_signature[64];
+ };
+
+ struct TALER_MerchantPublicKeyP {
+ uint8_t eddsa_pub[32];
+ };
+
+ struct TALER_MerchantPrivateKeyP {
+ uint8_t eddsa_priv[32];
+ };
+
+ struct TALER_TransferPublicKeyP {
+ uint8_t ecdhe_pub[32];
+ };
+
+ struct TALER_TransferPrivateKeyP {
+ uint8_t ecdhe_priv[32];
+ };
+
+ struct TALER_MintPublicKeyP {
+ uint8_t eddsa_pub[32];
+ };
+
+ struct TALER_MintPrivateKeyP {
+ uint8_t eddsa_priv[32];
+ };
+
+ struct TALER_MintSignatureP {
+ uint8_t eddsa_signature[64];
+ };
+
+ struct TALER_MasterPublicKeyP {
+ uint8_t eddsa_pub[32];
+ };
+
+ struct TALER_MasterPrivateKeyP {
+ uint8_t eddsa_priv[32];
+ };
+
+ struct TALER_MasterSignatureP {
+ uint8_t eddsa_signature[64];
+ };
+
+ union TALER_CoinSpendPublicKeyP {
+ uint8_t eddsa_pub[32];
+ uint8_t ecdhe_pub[32];
+ };
+
+ union TALER_CoinSpendPrivateKeyP {
+ uint8_t eddsa_priv[32];
+ uint8_t ecdhe_priv[32];
+ };
+
+ struct TALER_CoinSpendSignatureP {
+ uint8_t eddsa_signature[64];
+ };
+
+ struct TALER_TransferSecretP {
+ uint8_t key[sizeof (struct GNUNET_HashCode)];
+ };
+
+ struct TALER_LinkSecretP {
+ uint8_t key[sizeof (struct GNUNET_HashCode)];
+ };
+
+ struct TALER_EncryptedLinkSecretP {
+ uint8_t enc[sizeof (struct TALER_LinkSecretP)];
+ };
+
+.. _Signatures:
+
+Signatures
+^^^^^^^^^^
+
+Please note that any RSA signature is processed by a function called `GNUNET_CRYPTO_rsa_signature_encode (..)` **before** being sent over the network, so the receiving party must run `GNUNET_CRYPTO_rsa_signature_decode (..)` before verifying it. See their implementation in `src/util/crypto_rsa.c`, in GNUNET's code base. Finally, they are defined in `gnunet/gnunet_crypto_lib.h`.
+
+EdDSA signatures are always made on the hash of a block of the same generic format, the `struct SignedData` given below. In our notation, the type of a field can depend on the value of another field. For the following message, the length of the `payload` array must match the value of the `size` field:
+
+.. sourcecode:: c
+
+ struct SignedData {
+ uint32_t size;
+ uint32_t purpose;
+ uint8_t payload[size - sizeof (struct SignedData)];
+ };
+
+The `purpose` field in `struct SignedData` is used to express the context in which the signature is made, ensuring that a signature cannot be lifted from one part of the protocol to another. The various `purpose` constants are defined in `taler_signatures.h`. The `size` field prevents padding attacks.
+
+In the subsequent messages, we use the following notation for signed data described in `FIELDS` with the given purpose.
+
+.. sourcecode:: c
+
+ signed (purpose = SOME_CONSTANT) {
+ FIELDS
+ } msg;
+
+The `size` field of the corresponding `struct SignedData` is determined by the size of `FIELDS`.
+
+.. sourcecode:: c
+
+ struct TALER_WithdrawRequestPS {
+ signed (purpose = TALER_SIGNATURE_WALLET_RESERVE_WITHDRAW) {
+ struct TALER_ReservePublicKeyP reserve_pub;
+ struct TALER_AmountNBO amount_with_fee;
+ struct TALER_AmountNBO withdraw_fee;
+ struct GNUNET_HashCode h_denomination_pub;
+ struct GNUNET_HashCode h_coin_envelope;
+ }
+ };
+
+ struct TALER_DepositRequestPS {
+ signed (purpose = TALER_SIGNATURE_WALLET_COIN_DEPOSIT) {
+ struct GNUNET_HashCode h_contract;
+ struct GNUNET_HashCode h_wire;
+ struct GNUNET_TIME_AbsoluteNBO timestamp;
+ struct GNUNET_TIME_AbsoluteNBO refund_deadline;
+ uint64_t transaction_id;
+ struct TALER_AmountNBO amount_with_fee;
+ struct TALER_AmountNBO deposit_fee;
+ struct TALER_MerchantPublicKeyP merchant;
+ union TALER_CoinSpendPublicKeyP coin_pub;
+ }
+ };
+
+ struct TALER_DepositConfirmationPS {
+ signed (purpose = TALER_SIGNATURE_MINT_CONFIRM_DEPOSIT) {
+ struct GNUNET_HashCode h_contract;
+ struct GNUNET_HashCode h_wire;
+ uint64_t transaction_id GNUNET_PACKED;
+ struct GNUNET_TIME_AbsoluteNBO timestamp;
+ struct GNUNET_TIME_AbsoluteNBO refund_deadline;
+ struct TALER_AmountNBO amount_without_fee;
+ union TALER_CoinSpendPublicKeyP coin_pub;
+ struct TALER_MerchantPublicKeyP merchant;
+ }
+ };
+
+ struct TALER_RefreshMeltCoinAffirmationPS {
+ signed (purpose = TALER_SIGNATURE_WALLET_COIN_MELT) {
+ struct GNUNET_HashCode session_hash;
+ struct TALER_AmountNBO amount_with_fee;
+ struct TALER_AmountNBO melt_fee;
+ union TALER_CoinSpendPublicKeyP coin_pub;
+ }
+ };
+
+ struct TALER_RefreshMeltConfirmationPS {
+ signed (purpose = TALER_SIGNATURE_MINT_CONFIRM_MELT) {
+ struct GNUNET_HashCode session_hash;
+ uint16_t noreveal_index;
+ }
+ };
+
+ struct TALER_MintSigningKeyValidityPS {
+ signed (purpose = TALER_SIGNATURE_MASTER_SIGNING_KEY_VALIDITY) {
+ struct TALER_MasterPublicKeyP master_public_key;
+ struct GNUNET_TIME_AbsoluteNBO start;
+ struct GNUNET_TIME_AbsoluteNBO expire;
+ struct GNUNET_TIME_AbsoluteNBO end;
+ struct TALER_MintPublicKeyP signkey_pub;
+ }
+ };
+
+ struct TALER_MintKeySetPS {
+ signed (purpose=TALER_SIGNATURE_MINT_KEY_SET) {
+ struct GNUNET_TIME_AbsoluteNBO list_issue_date;
+ struct GNUNET_HashCode hc;
+ }
+ };
+
+ struct TALER_DenominationKeyValidityPS {
+ signed (purpose = TALER_SIGNATURE_MASTER_DENOMINATION_KEY_VALIDITY) {
+ struct TALER_MasterPublicKeyP master;
+ struct GNUNET_TIME_AbsoluteNBO start;
+ struct GNUNET_TIME_AbsoluteNBO expire_withdraw;
+ struct GNUNET_TIME_AbsoluteNBO expire_spend;
+ struct GNUNET_TIME_AbsoluteNBO expire_legal;
+ struct TALER_AmountNBO value;
+ struct TALER_AmountNBO fee_withdraw;
+ struct TALER_AmountNBO fee_deposit;
+ struct TALER_AmountNBO fee_refresh;
+ struct GNUNET_HashCode denom_hash;
+ }
+ };
+
+ struct TALER_MasterWireSepaDetailsPS {
+ signed (purpose = TALER_SIGNATURE_MASTER_SEPA_DETAILS) {
+ struct GNUNET_HashCode h_sepa_details;
+ }
+ };
+
+ struct TALER_MintWireSupportMethodsPS {
+ signed (purpose = TALER_SIGNATURE_MINT_WIRE_TYPES) {
+ struct GNUNET_HashCode h_wire_types;
+ }
+ };
+
+ struct TALER_DepositTrackPS {
+ signed (purpose = TALER_SIGNATURE_MERCHANT_DEPOSIT_WTID) {
+ struct GNUNET_HashCode h_contract;
+ struct GNUNET_HashCode h_wire;
+ uint64_t transaction_id;
+ struct TALER_MerchantPublicKeyP merchant;
+ struct TALER_CoinSpendPublicKeyP coin_pub;
+ }
+ };