summaryrefslogtreecommitdiff
diff options
context:
space:
mode:
authorFlorian Dold <florian.dold@gmail.com>2019-08-29 16:05:42 +0200
committerFlorian Dold <florian.dold@gmail.com>2019-08-29 16:05:42 +0200
commit4f35035b5b62f5dd80484a6fe88cc7f1b99ba023 (patch)
treec3eaac1ecec95ad8f5973b0582e89a162d1342d9
parent66047006029c64c407ef04fd0d68c749f4b613e0 (diff)
downloaddocs-4f35035b5b62f5dd80484a6fe88cc7f1b99ba023.tar.gz
docs-4f35035b5b62f5dd80484a6fe88cc7f1b99ba023.tar.bz2
docs-4f35035b5b62f5dd80484a6fe88cc7f1b99ba023.zip
fdl-1.3.rst
-rw-r--r--fdl-1.3.rst453
1 files changed, 453 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/fdl-1.3.rst b/fdl-1.3.rst
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..6dec494
--- /dev/null
+++ b/fdl-1.3.rst
@@ -0,0 +1,453 @@
+.. _gnu-fdl-1.3:
+
+GNU Free Documentation License
+==============================
+
+Version 1.3, 3 November 2008
+
+Copyright (C) 2000, 2001, 2002, 2007, 2008 Free Software Foundation,
+Inc. \ https://fsf.org/
+
+Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies of this
+license document, but changing it is not allowed.
+
+0. PREAMBLE
+^^^^^^^^^^^
+
+The purpose of this License is to make a manual, textbook, or other
+functional and useful document “free” in the sense of freedom: to assure
+everyone the effective freedom to copy and redistribute it, with or
+without modifying it, either commercially or noncommercially.
+Secondarily, this License preserves for the author and publisher a way
+to get credit for their work, while not being considered responsible for
+modifications made by others.
+
+This License is a kind of “copyleft”, which means that derivative works
+of the document must themselves be free in the same sense. It
+complements the GNU General Public License, which is a copyleft license
+designed for free software.
+
+We have designed this License in order to use it for manuals for free
+software, because free software needs free documentation: a free program
+should come with manuals providing the same freedoms that the software
+does. But this License is not limited to software manuals; it can be
+used for any textual work, regardless of subject matter or whether it is
+published as a printed book. We recommend this License principally for
+works whose purpose is instruction or reference.
+
+1. APPLICABILITY AND DEFINITIONS
+^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
+
+This License applies to any manual or other work, in any medium, that
+contains a notice placed by the copyright holder saying it can be
+distributed under the terms of this License. Such a notice grants a
+world-wide, royalty-free license, unlimited in duration, to use that
+work under the conditions stated herein. The “Document”, below, refers
+to any such manual or work. Any member of the public is a licensee, and
+is addressed as “you”. You accept the license if you copy, modify or
+distribute the work in a way requiring permission under copyright law.
+
+A “Modified Version” of the Document means any work containing the
+Document or a portion of it, either copied verbatim, or with
+modifications and/or translated into another language.
+
+A “Secondary Section” is a named appendix or a front-matter section of
+the Document that deals exclusively with the relationship of the
+publishers or authors of the Document to the Document’s overall subject
+(or to related matters) and contains nothing that could fall directly
+within that overall subject. (Thus, if the Document is in part a
+textbook of mathematics, a Secondary Section may not explain any
+mathematics.) The relationship could be a matter of historical
+connection with the subject or with related matters, or of legal,
+commercial, philosophical, ethical or political position regarding them.
+
+The “Invariant Sections” are certain Secondary Sections whose titles are
+designated, as being those of Invariant Sections, in the notice that
+says that the Document is released under this License. If a section does
+not fit the above definition of Secondary then it is not allowed to be
+designated as Invariant. The Document may contain zero Invariant
+Sections. If the Document does not identify any Invariant Sections then
+there are none.
+
+The “Cover Texts” are certain short passages of text that are listed, as
+Front-Cover Texts or Back-Cover Texts, in the notice that says that the
+Document is released under this License. A Front-Cover Text may be at
+most 5 words, and a Back-Cover Text may be at most 25 words.
+
+A “Transparent” copy of the Document means a machine-readable copy,
+represented in a format whose specification is available to the general
+public, that is suitable for revising the document straightforwardly
+with generic text editors or (for images composed of pixels) generic
+paint programs or (for drawings) some widely available drawing editor,
+and that is suitable for input to text formatters or for automatic
+translation to a variety of formats suitable for input to text
+formatters. A copy made in an otherwise Transparent file format whose
+markup, or absence of markup, has been arranged to thwart or discourage
+subsequent modification by readers is not Transparent. An image format
+is not Transparent if used for any substantial amount of text. A copy
+that is not “Transparent” is called “Opaque”.
+
+Examples of suitable formats for Transparent copies include plain ASCII
+without markup, Texinfo input format, LaTeX input format, SGML or XML
+using a publicly available DTD, and standard-conforming simple HTML,
+PostScript or PDF designed for human modification. Examples of
+transparent image formats include PNG, XCF and JPG. Opaque formats
+include proprietary formats that can be read and edited only by
+proprietary word processors, SGML or XML for which the DTD and/or
+processing tools are not generally available, and the machine-generated
+HTML, PostScript or PDF produced by some word processors for output
+purposes only.
+
+The “Title Page” means, for a printed book, the title page itself, plus
+such following pages as are needed to hold, legibly, the material this
+License requires to appear in the title page. For works in formats which
+do not have any title page as such, “Title Page” means the text near the
+most prominent appearance of the work’s title, preceding the beginning
+of the body of the text.
+
+The “publisher” means any person or entity that distributes copies of
+the Document to the public.
+
+A section “Entitled XYZ” means a named subunit of the Document whose
+title either is precisely XYZ or contains XYZ in parentheses following
+text that translates XYZ in another language. (Here XYZ stands for a
+specific section name mentioned below, such as “Acknowledgements”,
+“Dedications”, “Endorsements”, or “History”.) To “Preserve the Title” of
+such a section when you modify the Document means that it remains a
+section “Entitled XYZ” according to this definition.
+
+The Document may include Warranty Disclaimers next to the notice which
+states that this License applies to the Document. These Warranty
+Disclaimers are considered to be included by reference in this License,
+but only as regards disclaiming warranties: any other implication that
+these Warranty Disclaimers may have is void and has no effect on the
+meaning of this License.
+
+2. VERBATIM COPYING
+^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
+
+You may copy and distribute the Document in any medium, either
+commercially or noncommercially, provided that this License, the
+copyright notices, and the license notice saying this License applies to
+the Document are reproduced in all copies, and that you add no other
+conditions whatsoever to those of this License. You may not use
+technical measures to obstruct or control the reading or further copying
+of the copies you make or distribute. However, you may accept
+compensation in exchange for copies. If you distribute a large enough
+number of copies you must also follow the conditions in section 3.
+
+You may also lend copies, under the same conditions stated above, and
+you may publicly display copies.
+
+3. COPYING IN QUANTITY
+^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
+
+If you publish printed copies (or copies in media that commonly have
+printed covers) of the Document, numbering more than 100, and the
+Document’s license notice requires Cover Texts, you must enclose the
+copies in covers that carry, clearly and legibly, all these Cover Texts:
+Front-Cover Texts on the front cover, and Back-Cover Texts on the back
+cover. Both covers must also clearly and legibly identify you as the
+publisher of these copies. The front cover must present the full title
+with all words of the title equally prominent and visible. You may add
+other material on the covers in addition. Copying with changes limited
+to the covers, as long as they preserve the title of the Document and
+satisfy these conditions, can be treated as verbatim copying in other
+respects.
+
+If the required texts for either cover are too voluminous to fit
+legibly, you should put the first ones listed (as many as fit
+reasonably) on the actual cover, and continue the rest onto adjacent
+pages.
+
+If you publish or distribute Opaque copies of the Document numbering
+more than 100, you must either include a machine-readable Transparent
+copy along with each Opaque copy, or state in or with each Opaque copy a
+computer-network location from which the general network-using public
+has access to download using public-standard network protocols a
+complete Transparent copy of the Document, free of added material. If
+you use the latter option, you must take reasonably prudent steps, when
+you begin distribution of Opaque copies in quantity, to ensure that this
+Transparent copy will remain thus accessible at the stated location
+until at least one year after the last time you distribute an Opaque
+copy (directly or through your agents or retailers) of that edition to
+the public.
+
+It is requested, but not required, that you contact the authors of the
+Document well before redistributing any large number of copies, to give
+them a chance to provide you with an updated version of the Document.
+
+4. MODIFICATIONS
+^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
+
+You may copy and distribute a Modified Version of the Document under the
+conditions of sections 2 and 3 above, provided that you release the
+Modified Version under precisely this License, with the Modified Version
+filling the role of the Document, thus licensing distribution and
+modification of the Modified Version to whoever possesses a copy of it.
+In addition, you must do these things in the Modified Version:
+
+- A. Use in the Title Page (and on the covers, if any) a title distinct
+ from that of the Document, and from those of previous versions (which
+ should, if there were any, be listed in the History section of the
+ Document). You may use the same title as a previous version if the
+ original publisher of that version gives permission.
+- B. List on the Title Page, as authors, one or more persons or
+ entities responsible for authorship of the modifications in the
+ Modified Version, together with at least five of the principal
+ authors of the Document (all of its principal authors, if it has
+ fewer than five), unless they release you from this requirement.
+- C. State on the Title page the name of the publisher of the Modified
+ Version, as the publisher.
+- D. Preserve all the copyright notices of the Document.
+- E. Add an appropriate copyright notice for your modifications
+ adjacent to the other copyright notices.
+- F. Include, immediately after the copyright notices, a license notice
+ giving the public permission to use the Modified Version under the
+ terms of this License, in the form shown in the Addendum below.
+- G. Preserve in that license notice the full lists of Invariant
+ Sections and required Cover Texts given in the Document’s license
+ notice.
+- H. Include an unaltered copy of this License.
+- I. Preserve the section Entitled “History”, Preserve its Title, and
+ add to it an item stating at least the title, year, new authors, and
+ publisher of the Modified Version as given on the Title Page. If
+ there is no section Entitled “History” in the Document, create one
+ stating the title, year, authors, and publisher of the Document as
+ given on its Title Page, then add an item describing the Modified
+ Version as stated in the previous sentence.
+- J. Preserve the network location, if any, given in the Document for
+ public access to a Transparent copy of the Document, and likewise the
+ network locations given in the Document for previous versions it was
+ based on. These may be placed in the “History” section. You may omit
+ a network location for a work that was published at least four years
+ before the Document itself, or if the original publisher of the
+ version it refers to gives permission.
+- K. For any section Entitled “Acknowledgements” or “Dedications”,
+ Preserve the Title of the section, and preserve in the section all
+ the substance and tone of each of the contributor acknowledgements
+ and/or dedications given therein.
+- L. Preserve all the Invariant Sections of the Document, unaltered in
+ their text and in their titles. Section numbers or the equivalent are
+ not considered part of the section titles.
+- M. Delete any section Entitled “Endorsements”. Such a section may not
+ be included in the Modified Version.
+- N. Do not retitle any existing section to be Entitled “Endorsements”
+ or to conflict in title with any Invariant Section.
+- O. Preserve any Warranty Disclaimers.
+
+If the Modified Version includes new front-matter sections or appendices
+that qualify as Secondary Sections and contain no material copied from
+the Document, you may at your option designate some or all of these
+sections as invariant. To do this, add their titles to the list of
+Invariant Sections in the Modified Version’s license notice. These
+titles must be distinct from any other section titles.
+
+You may add a section Entitled “Endorsements”, provided it contains
+nothing but endorsements of your Modified Version by various
+parties—for example, statements of peer review or that the text has
+been approved by an organization as the authoritative definition of a
+standard.
+
+You may add a passage of up to five words as a Front-Cover Text, and a
+passage of up to 25 words as a Back-Cover Text, to the end of the list
+of Cover Texts in the Modified Version. Only one passage of Front-Cover
+Text and one of Back-Cover Text may be added by (or through arrangements
+made by) any one entity. If the Document already includes a cover text
+for the same cover, previously added by you or by arrangement made by
+the same entity you are acting on behalf of, you may not add another;
+but you may replace the old one, on explicit permission from the
+previous publisher that added the old one.
+
+The author(s) and publisher(s) of the Document do not by this License
+give permission to use their names for publicity for or to assert or
+imply endorsement of any Modified Version.
+
+5. COMBINING DOCUMENTS
+^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
+
+You may combine the Document with other documents released under this
+License, under the terms defined in section 4 above for modified
+versions, provided that you include in the combination all of the
+Invariant Sections of all of the original documents, unmodified, and
+list them all as Invariant Sections of your combined work in its license
+notice, and that you preserve all their Warranty Disclaimers.
+
+The combined work need only contain one copy of this License, and
+multiple identical Invariant Sections may be replaced with a single
+copy. If there are multiple Invariant Sections with the same name but
+different contents, make the title of each such section unique by adding
+at the end of it, in parentheses, the name of the original author or
+publisher of that section if known, or else a unique number. Make the
+same adjustment to the section titles in the list of Invariant Sections
+in the license notice of the combined work.
+
+In the combination, you must combine any sections Entitled “History” in
+the various original documents, forming one section Entitled “History”;
+likewise combine any sections Entitled “Acknowledgements”, and any
+sections Entitled “Dedications”. You must delete all sections Entitled
+“Endorsements”.
+
+6. COLLECTIONS OF DOCUMENTS
+^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
+
+You may make a collection consisting of the Document and other documents
+released under this License, and replace the individual copies of this
+License in the various documents with a single copy that is included in
+the collection, provided that you follow the rules of this License for
+verbatim copying of each of the documents in all other respects.
+
+You may extract a single document from such a collection, and distribute
+it individually under this License, provided you insert a copy of this
+License into the extracted document, and follow this License in all
+other respects regarding verbatim copying of that document.
+
+7. AGGREGATION WITH INDEPENDENT WORKS
+^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
+
+A compilation of the Document or its derivatives with other separate and
+independent documents or works, in or on a volume of a storage or
+distribution medium, is called an “aggregate” if the copyright resulting
+from the compilation is not used to limit the legal rights of the
+compilation’s users beyond what the individual works permit. When the
+Document is included in an aggregate, this License does not apply to the
+other works in the aggregate which are not themselves derivative works
+of the Document.
+
+If the Cover Text requirement of section 3 is applicable to these copies
+of the Document, then if the Document is less than one half of the
+entire aggregate, the Document’s Cover Texts may be placed on covers
+that bracket the Document within the aggregate, or the electronic
+equivalent of covers if the Document is in electronic form. Otherwise
+they must appear on printed covers that bracket the whole aggregate.
+
+8. TRANSLATION
+^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
+
+Translation is considered a kind of modification, so you may distribute
+translations of the Document under the terms of section 4. Replacing
+Invariant Sections with translations requires special permission from
+their copyright holders, but you may include translations of some or all
+Invariant Sections in addition to the original versions of these
+Invariant Sections. You may include a translation of this License, and
+all the license notices in the Document, and any Warranty Disclaimers,
+provided that you also include the original English version of this
+License and the original versions of those notices and disclaimers. In
+case of a disagreement between the translation and the original version
+of this License or a notice or disclaimer, the original version will
+prevail.
+
+If a section in the Document is Entitled “Acknowledgements”,
+“Dedications”, or “History”, the requirement (section 4) to Preserve its
+Title (section 1) will typically require changing the actual title.
+
+9. TERMINATION
+^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
+
+You may not copy, modify, sublicense, or distribute the Document except
+as expressly provided under this License. Any attempt otherwise to copy,
+modify, sublicense, or distribute it is void, and will automatically
+terminate your rights under this License.
+
+However, if you cease all violation of this License, then your license
+from a particular copyright holder is reinstated (a) provisionally,
+unless and until the copyright holder explicitly and finally terminates
+your license, and (b) permanently, if the copyright holder fails to
+notify you of the violation by some reasonable means prior to 60 days
+after the cessation.
+
+Moreover, your license from a particular copyright holder is reinstated
+permanently if the copyright holder notifies you of the violation by
+some reasonable means, this is the first time you have received notice
+of violation of this License (for any work) from that copyright holder,
+and you cure the violation prior to 30 days after your receipt of the
+notice.
+
+Termination of your rights under this section does not terminate the
+licenses of parties who have received copies or rights from you under
+this License. If your rights have been terminated and not permanently
+reinstated, receipt of a copy of some or all of the same material does
+not give you any rights to use it.
+
+10. FUTURE REVISIONS OF THIS LICENSE
+^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
+
+The Free Software Foundation may publish new, revised versions of the
+GNU Free Documentation License from time to time. Such new versions will
+be similar in spirit to the present version, but may differ in detail to
+address new problems or concerns. See https://www.gnu.org/licenses/.
+
+Each version of the License is given a distinguishing version number. If
+the Document specifies that a particular numbered version of this
+License “or any later version” applies to it, you have the option of
+following the terms and conditions either of that specified version or
+of any later version that has been published (not as a draft) by the
+Free Software Foundation. If the Document does not specify a version
+number of this License, you may choose any version ever published (not
+as a draft) by the Free Software Foundation. If the Document specifies
+that a proxy can decide which future versions of this License can be
+used, that proxy’s public statement of acceptance of a version
+permanently authorizes you to choose that version for the Document.
+
+11. RELICENSING
+^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
+
+“Massive Multiauthor Collaboration Site” (or “MMC Site”) means any World
+Wide Web server that publishes copyrightable works and also provides
+prominent facilities for anybody to edit those works. A public wiki that
+anybody can edit is an example of such a server. A “Massive Multiauthor
+Collaboration” (or “MMC”) contained in the site means any set of
+copyrightable works thus published on the MMC site.
+
+“CC-BY-SA” means the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0
+license published by Creative Commons Corporation, a not-for-profit
+corporation with a principal place of business in San Francisco,
+California, as well as future copyleft versions of that license
+published by that same organization.
+
+“Incorporate” means to publish or republish a Document, in whole or in
+part, as part of another Document.
+
+An MMC is “eligible for relicensing” if it is licensed under this
+License, and if all works that were first published under this License
+somewhere other than this MMC, and subsequently incorporated in whole or
+in part into the MMC, (1) had no cover texts or invariant sections, and
+(2) were thus incorporated prior to November 1, 2008.
+
+The operator of an MMC Site may republish an MMC contained in the site
+under CC-BY-SA on the same site at any time before August 1, 2009,
+provided the MMC is eligible for relicensing.
+
+ADDENDUM: How to use this License for your documents
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+To use this License in a document you have written, include a copy of
+the License in the document and put the following copyright and license
+notices just after the title page:
+
+::
+
+ Copyright (C) YEAR YOUR NAME.
+ Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document
+ under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.3
+ or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation;
+ with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover Texts.
+ A copy of the license is included in the section entitled "GNU
+ Free Documentation License".
+
+If you have Invariant Sections, Front-Cover Texts and Back-Cover Texts,
+replace the “with … Texts.” line with this:
+
+::
+
+ with the Invariant Sections being LIST THEIR TITLES, with the
+ Front-Cover Texts being LIST, and with the Back-Cover Texts being LIST.
+
+If you have Invariant Sections without Cover Texts, or some other
+combination of the three, merge those two alternatives to suit the
+situation.
+
+If your document contains nontrivial examples of program code, we
+recommend releasing these examples in parallel under your choice of free
+software license, such as the GNU General Public License, to permit
+their use in free software.