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path: root/src/authorization/anastasis_authorization_plugin_post.c
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/*
  This file is part of Anastasis
  Copyright (C) 2021 Taler Systems SA

  Anastasis is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the
  terms of the GNU Lesser General Public License as published by the Free Software
  Foundation; either version 3, or (at your option) any later version.

  Anastasis is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY
  WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR
  A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License for more details.

  You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with
  Anastasis; see the file COPYING.GPL.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>
*/
/**
 * @file include/anastasis_authorization_plugin_post.c
 * @brief authorization plugin post based
 * @author Christian Grothoff
 */
#include "platform.h"
#include "anastasis_authorization_plugin.h"
#include <taler/taler_mhd_lib.h>
#include <taler/taler_json_lib.h>
#include <jansson.h>
#include "anastasis_util_lib.h"


/**
 * Saves the State of a authorization plugin.
 */
struct PostContext
{

  /**
   * Command which is executed to run the plugin (some bash script or a
   * command line argument)
   */
  char *auth_command;

  /**
   * Messages of the plugin, read from a resource file.
   */
  json_t *messages;
};


/**
 * Saves the state of a authorization process
 */
struct ANASTASIS_AUTHORIZATION_State
{
  /**
   * Public key of the challenge which is authorised
   */
  struct ANASTASIS_CRYPTO_TruthUUIDP truth_uuid;

  /**
   * Code which is sent to the user.
   */
  uint64_t code;

  /**
   * Our plugin context.
   */
  struct PostContext *ctx;

  /**
   * Function to call when we made progress.
   */
  GNUNET_SCHEDULER_TaskCallback trigger;

  /**
   * Closure for @e trigger.
   */
  void *trigger_cls;

  /**
   * holds the truth information
   */
  json_t *post;

  /**
   * Handle to the helper process.
   */
  struct GNUNET_OS_Process *child;

  /**
   * Handle to wait for @e child
   */
  struct GNUNET_ChildWaitHandle *cwh;

  /**
   * Our client connection, set if suspended.
   */
  struct MHD_Connection *connection;

  /**
   * Message to send.
   */
  char *msg;

  /**
   * Offset of transmission in msg.
   */
  size_t msg_off;

  /**
   * Exit code from helper.
   */
  long unsigned int exit_code;

  /**
   * How did the helper die?
   */
  enum GNUNET_OS_ProcessStatusType pst;


};


/**
 * Obtain internationalized message @a msg_id from @a ctx using
 * language preferences of @a conn.
 *
 * @param messages JSON object to lookup message from
 * @param conn connection to lookup message for
 * @param msg_id unique message ID
 * @return NULL if message was not found
 */
static const char *
get_message (const json_t *messages,
             struct MHD_Connection *conn,
             const char *msg_id)
{
  const char *accept_lang;

  accept_lang = MHD_lookup_connection_value (conn,
                                             MHD_HEADER_KIND,
                                             MHD_HTTP_HEADER_ACCEPT_LANGUAGE);
  if (NULL == accept_lang)
    accept_lang = "en_US";
  {
    const char *ret;
    struct GNUNET_JSON_Specification spec[] = {
      TALER_JSON_spec_i18n_string (msg_id,
                                   accept_lang,
                                   &ret),
      GNUNET_JSON_spec_end ()
    };

    if (GNUNET_OK !=
        GNUNET_JSON_parse (messages,
                           spec,
                           NULL, NULL))
    {
      GNUNET_break (0);
      return NULL;
    }
    return ret;
  }
}


/**
 * Validate @a data is a well-formed input into the challenge method,
 * i.e. @a data is a well-formed phone number for sending an SMS, or
 * a well-formed e-mail address for sending an e-mail. Not expected to
 * check that the phone number or e-mail account actually exists.
 *
 * To be possibly used before issuing a 402 payment required to the client.
 *
 * @param cls closure
 * @param connection HTTP client request (for queuing response)
 * @param truth_mime mime type of @e data
 * @param data input to validate (i.e. is it a valid phone number, etc.)
 * @param data_length number of bytes in @a data
 * @return #GNUNET_OK if @a data is valid,
 *         #GNUNET_NO if @a data is invalid and a reply was successfully queued on @a connection
 *         #GNUNET_SYSERR if @a data invalid but we failed to queue a reply on @a connection
 */
static enum GNUNET_GenericReturnValue
post_validate (void *cls,
               struct MHD_Connection *connection,
               const char *mime_type,
               const char *data,
               size_t data_length)
{
  struct PostContext *ctx = cls;
  json_t *j;
  json_error_t error;
  const char *name;
  const char *street;
  const char *city;
  const char *zip;
  const char *country;
  struct GNUNET_JSON_Specification spec[] = {
    GNUNET_JSON_spec_string ("full_name",
                             &name),
    GNUNET_JSON_spec_string ("street",
                             &street),
    GNUNET_JSON_spec_string ("city",
                             &city),
    GNUNET_JSON_spec_string ("postcode",
                             &zip),
    GNUNET_JSON_spec_string ("country",
                             &country),
    GNUNET_JSON_spec_end ()
  };

  (void) ctx;
  j = json_loadb (data,
                  data_length,
                  JSON_REJECT_DUPLICATES,
                  &error);
  if (NULL == j)
  {
    if (MHD_NO ==
        TALER_MHD_reply_with_error (connection,
                                    MHD_HTTP_EXPECTATION_FAILED,
                                    TALER_EC_ANASTASIS_POST_INVALID,
                                    "JSON malformed"))
      return GNUNET_SYSERR;
    return GNUNET_NO;
  }

  if (GNUNET_OK !=
      GNUNET_JSON_parse (j,
                         spec,
                         NULL, NULL))
  {
    GNUNET_break (0);
    json_decref (j);
    if (MHD_NO ==
        TALER_MHD_reply_with_error (connection,
                                    MHD_HTTP_EXPECTATION_FAILED,
                                    TALER_EC_ANASTASIS_POST_INVALID,
                                    "JSON lacked required address information"))
      return GNUNET_SYSERR;
    return GNUNET_NO;
  }
  json_decref (j);
  return GNUNET_OK;
}


/**
 * Begin issuing authentication challenge to user based on @a data.
 * I.e. start to send mail.
 *
 * @param cls closure
 * @param trigger function to call when we made progress
 * @param trigger_cls closure for @a trigger
 * @param truth_uuid Identifier of the challenge, to be (if possible) included in the
 *             interaction with the user
 * @param code secret code that the user has to provide back to satisfy the challenge in
 *             the main anastasis protocol
 * @param data input to validate (i.e. is it a valid phone number, etc.)
 * @return state to track progress on the authorization operation, NULL on failure
 */
static struct ANASTASIS_AUTHORIZATION_State *
post_start (void *cls,
            GNUNET_SCHEDULER_TaskCallback trigger,
            void *trigger_cls,
            const struct ANASTASIS_CRYPTO_TruthUUIDP *truth_uuid,
            uint64_t code,
            const void *data,
            size_t data_length)
{
  struct PostContext *ctx = cls;
  struct ANASTASIS_AUTHORIZATION_State *as;
  json_error_t error;

  as = GNUNET_new (struct ANASTASIS_AUTHORIZATION_State);
  as->trigger = trigger;
  as->trigger_cls = trigger_cls;
  as->ctx = ctx;
  as->truth_uuid = *truth_uuid;
  as->code = code;
  as->post = json_loadb (data,
                         data_length,
                         JSON_REJECT_DUPLICATES,
                         &error);
  if (NULL == as->post)
  {
    GNUNET_break (0);
    GNUNET_free (as);
    return NULL;
  }
  return as;
}


/**
 * Function called when our Post helper has terminated.
 *
 * @param cls our `struct ANASTASIS_AUHTORIZATION_State`
 * @param type type of the process
 * @param exit_code status code of the process
 */
static void
post_done_cb (void *cls,
              enum GNUNET_OS_ProcessStatusType type,
              long unsigned int exit_code)
{
  struct ANASTASIS_AUTHORIZATION_State *as = cls;

  as->child = NULL;
  as->cwh = NULL;
  as->pst = type;
  as->exit_code = exit_code;
  MHD_resume_connection (as->connection);
  as->trigger (as->trigger_cls);
}


/**
 * Begin issuing authentication challenge to user based on @a data.
 * I.e. start to send SMS or e-mail or launch video identification.
 *
 * @param as authorization state
 * @param connection HTTP client request (for queuing response, such as redirection to video portal)
 * @return state of the request
 */
static enum ANASTASIS_AUTHORIZATION_Result
post_process (struct ANASTASIS_AUTHORIZATION_State *as,
              struct MHD_Connection *connection)
{
  const char *mime;
  const char *lang;
  MHD_RESULT mres;
  const char *name;
  const char *street;
  const char *city;
  const char *zip;
  const char *country;
  struct GNUNET_JSON_Specification spec[] = {
    GNUNET_JSON_spec_string ("full_name",
                             &name),
    GNUNET_JSON_spec_string ("street",
                             &street),
    GNUNET_JSON_spec_string ("city",
                             &city),
    GNUNET_JSON_spec_string ("postcode",
                             &zip),
    GNUNET_JSON_spec_string ("country",
                             &country),
    GNUNET_JSON_spec_end ()
  };

  mime = MHD_lookup_connection_value (connection,
                                      MHD_HEADER_KIND,
                                      MHD_HTTP_HEADER_ACCEPT);
  if (NULL == mime)
    mime = "text/plain";
  lang = MHD_lookup_connection_value (connection,
                                      MHD_HEADER_KIND,
                                      MHD_HTTP_HEADER_ACCEPT_LANGUAGE);
  if (NULL == lang)
    lang = "en";
  if (GNUNET_OK !=
      GNUNET_JSON_parse (as->post,
                         spec,
                         NULL, NULL))
  {
    GNUNET_break (0);
    mres = TALER_MHD_reply_with_error (connection,
                                       MHD_HTTP_INTERNAL_SERVER_ERROR,
                                       TALER_EC_ANASTASIS_POST_INVALID,
                                       "address information incomplete");
    if (MHD_YES != mres)
      return ANASTASIS_AUTHORIZATION_RES_FAILED_REPLY_FAILED;
    return ANASTASIS_AUTHORIZATION_RES_FAILED;
  }
  if (NULL == as->msg)
  {
    /* First time, start child process and feed pipe */
    struct GNUNET_DISK_PipeHandle *p;
    struct GNUNET_DISK_FileHandle *pipe_stdin;

    p = GNUNET_DISK_pipe (GNUNET_DISK_PF_BLOCKING_RW);
    if (NULL == p)
    {
      mres = TALER_MHD_reply_with_error (connection,
                                         MHD_HTTP_INTERNAL_SERVER_ERROR,
                                         TALER_EC_ANASTASIS_POST_HELPER_EXEC_FAILED,
                                         "pipe");
      if (MHD_YES != mres)
        return ANASTASIS_AUTHORIZATION_RES_FAILED_REPLY_FAILED;
      return ANASTASIS_AUTHORIZATION_RES_FAILED;
    }
    as->child = GNUNET_OS_start_process (GNUNET_OS_INHERIT_STD_ERR,
                                         p,
                                         NULL,
                                         NULL,
                                         as->ctx->auth_command,
                                         as->ctx->auth_command,
                                         name,
                                         street,
                                         city,
                                         zip,
                                         country,
                                         NULL);
    if (NULL == as->child)
    {
      GNUNET_DISK_pipe_close (p);
      mres = TALER_MHD_reply_with_error (connection,
                                         MHD_HTTP_INTERNAL_SERVER_ERROR,
                                         TALER_EC_ANASTASIS_POST_HELPER_EXEC_FAILED,
                                         "exec");
      if (MHD_YES != mres)
        return ANASTASIS_AUTHORIZATION_RES_FAILED_REPLY_FAILED;
      return ANASTASIS_AUTHORIZATION_RES_FAILED;
    }
    pipe_stdin = GNUNET_DISK_pipe_detach_end (p,
                                              GNUNET_DISK_PIPE_END_WRITE);
    GNUNET_assert (NULL != pipe_stdin);
    GNUNET_DISK_pipe_close (p);
    {
      char *tpk;

      tpk = GNUNET_STRINGS_data_to_string_alloc (
        &as->truth_uuid,
        sizeof (as->truth_uuid));
      GNUNET_asprintf (&as->msg,
                       get_message (as->ctx->messages,
                                    connection,
                                    "body"),
                       (unsigned long long) as->code,
                       tpk);
      GNUNET_free (tpk);
    }

    {
      const char *off = as->msg;
      size_t left = strlen (off);

      while (0 != left)
      {
        ssize_t ret;

        if (0 == left)
          break;
        ret = GNUNET_DISK_file_write (pipe_stdin,
                                      off,
                                      left);
        if (ret <= 0)
        {
          mres = TALER_MHD_reply_with_error (connection,
                                             MHD_HTTP_INTERNAL_SERVER_ERROR,
                                             TALER_EC_ANASTASIS_POST_HELPER_EXEC_FAILED,
                                             "write");
          if (MHD_YES != mres)
            return ANASTASIS_AUTHORIZATION_RES_FAILED_REPLY_FAILED;
          return ANASTASIS_AUTHORIZATION_RES_FAILED;
        }
        as->msg_off += ret;
        off += ret;
        left -= ret;
      }
      GNUNET_DISK_file_close (pipe_stdin);
    }
    as->cwh = GNUNET_wait_child (as->child,
                                 &post_done_cb,
                                 as);
    as->connection = connection;
    MHD_suspend_connection (connection);
    return ANASTASIS_AUTHORIZATION_RES_SUSPENDED;
  }
  if (NULL != as->cwh)
  {
    /* Spurious call, why are we here? */
    GNUNET_break (0);
    MHD_suspend_connection (connection);
    return ANASTASIS_AUTHORIZATION_RES_SUSPENDED;
  }
  if ( (GNUNET_OS_PROCESS_EXITED != as->pst) ||
       (0 != as->exit_code) )
  {
    char es[32];

    GNUNET_snprintf (es,
                     sizeof (es),
                     "%u/%d",
                     (unsigned int) as->exit_code,
                     as->pst);
    mres = TALER_MHD_reply_with_error (connection,
                                       MHD_HTTP_INTERNAL_SERVER_ERROR,
                                       TALER_EC_ANASTASIS_POST_HELPER_COMMAND_FAILED,
                                       es);
    if (MHD_YES != mres)
      return ANASTASIS_AUTHORIZATION_RES_FAILED_REPLY_FAILED;
    return ANASTASIS_AUTHORIZATION_RES_FAILED;
  }

  /* Build HTTP response */
  {
    struct MHD_Response *resp;

    if (TALER_MHD_xmime_matches (mime,
                                 "application/json"))
    {
      json_t *body;

      body = json_pack ("{s:s}",
                        "zip_code",
                        zip);
      GNUNET_break (NULL != body);
      resp = TALER_MHD_make_json (body);
    }
    else
    {
      size_t reply_len;
      char *reply;

      reply_len = GNUNET_asprintf (&reply,
                                   get_message (as->ctx->messages,
                                                connection,
                                                "instructions"),
                                   zip);
      resp = MHD_create_response_from_buffer (reply_len,
                                              reply,
                                              MHD_RESPMEM_MUST_COPY);
      GNUNET_free (reply);
      TALER_MHD_add_global_headers (resp);
    }
    mres = MHD_queue_response (connection,
                               MHD_HTTP_FORBIDDEN,
                               resp);
    MHD_destroy_response (resp);
    if (MHD_YES != mres)
      return ANASTASIS_AUTHORIZATION_RES_SUCCESS_REPLY_FAILED;
    return ANASTASIS_AUTHORIZATION_RES_SUCCESS;
  }
}


/**
 * Free internal state associated with @a as.
 *
 * @param as state to clean up
 */
static void
post_cleanup (struct ANASTASIS_AUTHORIZATION_State *as)
{
  if (NULL != as->cwh)
  {
    GNUNET_wait_child_cancel (as->cwh);
    as->cwh = NULL;
  }
  if (NULL != as->child)
  {
    (void) GNUNET_OS_process_kill (as->child,
                                   SIGKILL);
    GNUNET_break (GNUNET_OK ==
                  GNUNET_OS_process_wait (as->child));
    as->child = NULL;
  }
  GNUNET_free (as->msg);
  json_decref (as->post);
  GNUNET_free (as);
}


/**
 * Initialize post based authorization plugin
 *
 * @param cls a configuration instance
 * @return NULL on error, otherwise a `struct ANASTASIS_AuthorizationPlugin`
 */
void *
libanastasis_plugin_authorization_post_init (void *cls)
{
  struct ANASTASIS_AuthorizationPlugin *plugin;
  struct GNUNET_CONFIGURATION_Handle *cfg = cls;
  struct PostContext *ctx;

  ctx = GNUNET_new (struct PostContext);
  {
    char *fn;
    json_error_t err;

    GNUNET_asprintf (&fn,
                     "%sauthorization-post-messages.json",
                     GNUNET_OS_installation_get_path (GNUNET_OS_IPK_DATADIR));
    ctx->messages = json_load_file (fn,
                                    JSON_REJECT_DUPLICATES,
                                    &err);
    if (NULL == ctx->messages)
    {
      GNUNET_log (GNUNET_ERROR_TYPE_ERROR,
                  "Failed to load messages from `%s': %s at %d:%d\n",
                  fn,
                  err.text,
                  err.line,
                  err.column);
      GNUNET_free (fn);
      GNUNET_free (ctx);
      return NULL;
    }
    GNUNET_free (fn);
  }
  plugin = GNUNET_new (struct ANASTASIS_AuthorizationPlugin);
  plugin->code_validity_period = GNUNET_TIME_UNIT_MONTHS;
  plugin->code_rotation_period = GNUNET_TIME_UNIT_WEEKS;
  plugin->code_retransmission_frequency
    = GNUNET_TIME_relative_multiply (GNUNET_TIME_UNIT_DAYS,
                                     2);
  plugin->cls = ctx;
  plugin->validate = &post_validate;
  plugin->start = &post_start;
  plugin->process = &post_process;
  plugin->cleanup = &post_cleanup;

  if (GNUNET_OK !=
      GNUNET_CONFIGURATION_get_value_string (cfg,
                                             "authorization-post",
                                             "COMMAND",
                                             &ctx->auth_command))
  {
    GNUNET_log_config_missing (GNUNET_ERROR_TYPE_ERROR,
                               "authorization-post",
                               "COMMAND");
    json_decref (ctx->messages);
    GNUNET_free (ctx);
    GNUNET_free (plugin);
    return NULL;
  }
  return plugin;
}


/**
 * Unload authorization plugin
 *
 * @param cls a `struct ANASTASIS_AuthorizationPlugin`
 * @return NULL (always)
 */
void *
libanastasis_plugin_authorization_post_done (void *cls)
{
  struct ANASTASIS_AuthorizationPlugin *plugin = cls;
  struct PostContext *ctx = plugin->cls;

  GNUNET_free (ctx->auth_command);
  json_decref (ctx->messages);
  GNUNET_free (ctx);
  GNUNET_free (plugin);
  return NULL;
}